The snake gourd (Trichosanthes cucumerina var. Anguina), was probably originally domesticated in India, and the wild form of the species (Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina) is native to southern and eastern Asia as well as to Australia (where the MSB collection is from) and the islands of the western Pacific. Some of the longest gourds in the world are known as Snake gourd or ‘Serpent’ gourd. There are several varieties of Snake gourd that are cultivated and grown in India and other areas of the sub-tropics. These cucumber relatives can grow up to five or six feet long and when dried, can be made into a didgeridoo, an Australian Aboriginal wind instrument. Farmers tie stones to the ends of the fruit to weigh it down while it grows, to ensure straighter gourds. A loamy soil having pH range of 6.0-7.0 is best suited for the crop. The crop cannot tolerate frost.
Requires tropical , warm & humid climate for best growth . Cannot tolerate heavy rainfall as flowering is greatly affected – very heavy rainfall will make the plant susceptible to various fungal & mycoplasma diseases – every cold climate is not suitable, & it cannot tolerate frost
Soil – Tolerates a wide range of soil – prefers a well drained sandy loam soil that rich in organic matter. – Soil pH range – 6.0 to 7.0 – Good drainage
Land Preparation ─ Plough the field to fine tilth ─ dig pits of size 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm at 2.5 x 2 m spacing and form basins.
Snake Gourd comes to harvest from 60-75 days and it can be continued once in 5 – 7 days and a total number of 8 – 10 harvest can be made
Fruit – narrow and longish fruit can grow more than 150 cm (5 feet) in length – dark green with several light green lines or totally white – It is soft and breaks easily when bend – numerous seeds; relatively large and slightly gray – When it is fully ripe, inside of this fruit will turn red • Flower – lace-like flower – White in color
Nutrient Value • the nutritive value of snake gourd is unbeatable compared to other vegetables • the gourd comprises of protein, fat, carbohydrate and soluble fiber • its mineral and vitamin content are calcium, phosphorus, riboflavin, thiamin, niacin and carotene
Health benefits of Snake Gourd
Snake gourd is really a all-natural anti-biotic, expectorant, as well as healthy laxative. It may distribute phlegm, eliminate pus, expel poisonous matter and is also anti-inflammatory. It makes a cooling effect within the body. Snake gourd is really a tonic for the heart. It is important in fixing problems, procedures of nourishment also it reinstates the normal function of the system. Snake gourd assists encourage the creation of body fluids, reducing dryness.